The U.S. survey course used to be a rite of passage for history majors, but more and more colleges and universities are dropping it as a requirement. George Washington University is now one of them.
The department eliminated requirements in U.S., North American and European history, as well as the foreign language requirement. Thus, it is possible that a student can major in history at GWU without taking a survey course on United States history.
The new requirements mandate at least one introductory course, of which American history, World History and European civilization are options. Yet, like at many elite universities, the introductory course requirement may be fulfilled by scoring a 4 or a 5 on the Advanced Placement exams for either U.S. History AP, European History AP or World History AP.…
This change was motivated by a need to “recruit students” and “to better reflect a globalizing world,” according to faculty comments to the George Washington University student newspaper, The Hatchet.
Faced with declining enrollment, from 153 majors in 2011 to 72 in 2015 to 83 in 2016, the history department decided changes were necessary, it reported.
Department chair Schultheiss told the Hatchet “the main gain for students is that they have a great deal more flexibility than they had before, and they can adapt it to whatever their plans are for the future. Whatever they want to do, there’s a way to make the history department work for them.”
I suppose this makes sense for students who already know they’re going to work on, say, the Byzantine Empire or twentieth-century Africa. But discovery is an important part of the undergrad experience, as students sample a variety of subjects to discern what they want to do with the rest of their careers. How many aspiring historians who have just declared the major know what subfield they’re going to specialize in?
Beyond that practical question, is there some sort of moral or civic imperative to make history majors at an American university take a U.S. history course? Many critics of higher ed would probably say yes. But given the increasing emphasis on education as preparation for global (rather than national) citizenship, and the growing appeal of transnational approaches to history, I suspect more colleges will make U.S. history optional, even for history majors. That’s assuming state legislatures don’t try to step in and mandate otherwise. Given the legislative involvement in higher ed that we’ve been seeing lately, that’s a distinct possibility.