This year’s Milton M. Klein lecture at the University of Tennessee is going to be a real treat. Historian Greg Grandin will discuss “Slavery in Herman Melville’s America” in the Howard Baker Center‘s Toyota Auditorium at 3:30 p.m. on April 20.
Dr. Grandin is a professor of history at NYU and the author of a number of acclaimed books, including Fordlandia: The Rise and Fall of Henry Ford’s Forgotten Jungle City a National Book Award Finalist and a fascinating read; Empire’s Workshop: Latin America, the United States, and the Rise of the New Imperialism; and The Empire of Necessity: Slavery, Freedom, and Deception in the New World, which won the Bancroft Prize, was a New York Times Editor’s Choice, and was NPR’s Maureen Corrigan’s selection for the best book of 2014. Grandin is also a member of the American Academy of Arts ad Sciences and the recipient of a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship.
The lecture is free, and copies of Empire of Necessity will be available for sale at the book signing immediately afterward. This is a great opportunity to hear a master of the historical craft discuss his work.
Well, it looks like what we dreaded in January is one step closer to coming to pass. Trump’s budget plan calls for eliminating the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National Endowment for the Arts.
It was the first time a president has called for ending the endowments. They were created in 1965 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed legislation declaring that any “advanced civilization” must fully value the arts, the humanities, and cultural activity.
While the combined annual budgets of both endowments — about $300 million — are a tiny fraction of the $1.1 trillion of total annual discretionary spending, grants from these agencies have been deeply valued financial lifelines and highly coveted honors for artists, musicians, writers and scholars for decades.
Nothing will change for the endowments or other agencies immediately. Congress writes the federal budget, not the president, and White House budget plans are largely political documents that telegraph a president’s priorities.
Yet never before have Republicans, who have proposed eliminating the endowments in the past, been so well-positioned to close the agencies, given their control of both houses of Congress and the White House, and now the president’s fiscal plan. Reagan administration officials wanted to slash the endowments at one point, for instance, but they faced a Democratic majority in the House (as well as Reagan friends from Hollywood who favored the endowments).
As for 2017, it is unclear whether Republicans who are friendly to the endowments will fight their own party’s president on their behalf. Mr. Trump went ahead with the proposal even though his daughter Ivanka is a longtime supporter of the arts, and Karen Pence, the wife of Vice President Mike Pence, has been a staunch advocate for art therapy for years, being a painter herself.
Who benefits from these endowments? Well, you do, for starters—assuming you’ve ever read a history book or novel, visited a museum or historic site, used a library or website to research your genealogy, watched a documentary, attended an author’s talk, etc., etc., etc.
Would killing these endowments save money? Yeah, something like 0.006% of federal spending. That’s not hyperbole, by the way; that’s literally how much of the federal budget the NEH and NEA accounted for last year. Why anyone would want to kill agencies that do so much for so little is beyond me.
We really, really need to be contacting our lawmakers right now.
Dr. Tiya Miles, Mary Henrietta Graham Distinguished University Professor at the University of Michigan, is coming to the University of Tennessee to discuss the historical intersections between African Americans and Native Americans. Her lecture, “Call of the Ancestors: Historical Imagination and the Black and Native American Past,” will be in the Hodges Library’s Lindsay Young Auditorium at 3:30 on March 20.
Miles is the author of Ties that Bind: The Story of an Afro-Cherokee Family in Slavery and Freedom, The House on Diamond Hill: A Cherokee Plantation Story, and The Cherokee Rose: A Novel of Gardens and Ghosts. She received a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in 2011.
The lecture is free and open to the public, so I hope those of you who are in the Knoxville area will come by. Should be interesting!
A week ago I came down with a horrible respiratory infection that left me bedridden for several days and caused me to miss nearly an entire week of TA duty. It also left me unable to make much progress on my dissertation research. The problem wasn’t just the fact that I didn’t accomplish as much as I’d planned; the problem was that days passed without me doing anything to move my project along.
Some of my mom’s friends who are involved in creative writing used to say, “You’ve got to touch it every day.” I didn’t know how right they were before I started in on my dissertation in earnest. If you’re working on a substantial project, don’t let a twenty-four-hour period pass without doing something—no matter how small—to keep it moving along. It’s not so much a time issue as a quality-of-work issue. I find that if I let a day pass without engaging the project, I end up losing more than just the hours. I lose my bearings and my momentum, too. When I get back to it, it’s like walking into a room that’s been sealed off for weeks; the air is stale, the furnishings are unfamiliar, and there’s a fine layer of dust everywhere. You’ve got to keep everything in motion or a kind of general funk settles in, and you won’t be at your best until it dissipates.
I should add that you don’t necessarily have to be writing every day. The resolution to do a little something every day doesn’t necessarily mean you should always be churning out prose. (Most of what I’m doing at this point doesn’t involve putting words together.) But you should be getting your hands dirty somehow, whether that means locating and poring over sources, reading through notes, juggling bibliographic entries, or knocking out grant proposals. Even if you’re just putting in twenty or thirty minutes a day, do it. The point isn’t those twenty or thirty minutes, but making sure you’ve engaged with your project before hitting the hay.
The only exception to this rule comes when you’ve completed a draft, at which point it’s best to let it sit for a while before you start revising. But if you’re still in the research or rough draft phase, a day off will ultimately do more harm than good.
And on that note, I’ve lost too many days to recovery already. Time to pop a cough drop and get back at it.
Here’s an event to commemorate the centennial of American involvement in the Great War that might be of interest to those of you in the Knoxville area.
On Thursday, Feb. 23 UT’s Department of History and the Center for the Study of War and Society will co-host the Second Annual Fleming-Morrow Distinguished Lecture in African-American History. Chad L. Williams, Associate Professor and Chair of the African and Afro-American Studies Department at Brandeis University, will discuss “Torchbearers of Democracy: The History and Legacy of African American Soldiers in World War I.” Like his book of the same name, Williams’s talk will examine the 380,000 black soldiers whose WWI service was part of a larger battle waged both at home and abroad.
The lecture is at 5:30 p.m. in the Alumni Memorial Building, Room 210. It’s free to the public, with a book signing to follow.
UPDATE: Check out this HNN piece by David Shorten, who notes the problems inherent in interpreting current events with simple historical analogies. He urges us to “give up on historical comparisons and replace them with historicism—to quit analogizing and start contextualizing.”
Well, look on the bright side. This administration is going to be a freaking bonanza for historians looking to get on the talking head circuit. The Lincoln folks had all the fun for eight years, but now we’re less than two weeks into the new regime and the Jacksonian scholars are already passing the mic to the Nixon experts.
U.S. President Donald Trump fired the federal government’s top lawyer Sally Yates on Monday after she took the extraordinarily rare step of defying the White House and saying the Justice Department would not defend his new travel restrictions targeting seven Muslim-majority nations.
The White House said on Twitter that Dana Boente, U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia, would replace Yates, an appointee of former Democratic President Barack Obama, as acting U.S. attorney general.
…There have been only a handful of instances in U.S. history of top Justice Department officials publicly breaking with the White House. The most famous example was in 1973, when then-Attorney General Elliot Richardson resigned rather than obey President Richard Nixon’s order to fire a special prosecutor investigating the Watergate scandal.
And it looks like things are only gonna keep spiraling down from here. If society totally breaks down, maybe us backcountry Rev War guys will get our fifteen minutes on C-SPAN.
NSFW but apropos and amusing:
A horribly misguided proposal from 2014 now rears its head again. From The Hill:
Staffers for the Trump transition team have been meeting with career staff at the White House ahead of Friday’s presidential inauguration to outline their plans for shrinking the federal bureaucracy, The Hill has learned.…
The Corporation for Public Broadcasting would be privatized, while the National Endowment for the Arts and National Endowment for the Humanities would be eliminated entirely.
Overall, the blueprint being used by Trump’s team would reduce federal spending by $10.5 trillion over 10 years.
The proposed cuts hew closely to a blueprint published last year by the conservative Heritage Foundation, a think tank that has helped staff the Trump transition.
You’d think an organization called “The Heritage Foundation” would be more serious about programs that protect and interpret our, y’know, heritage.
Look, I don’t like extravagant federal spending any more than the next guy. But killing the NEH to reduce the federal budget is like cutting out a Tic Tac because you want to lose weight. Last year the NEH requested a budget of $148 million. That sounds like a lot of money, but it’s only 0.003% of federal spending. The NEA’s budget for last year was about the same, so eliminating both agencies would’ve saved a whopping 0.006% out of the $3.9 trillion the government spent in 2016.
And that 0.003% isn’t just for ivory tower academics. It benefits everyone. Ever read a popular history book? Watched a Ken Burns documentary? Used the Internet or microfilm for genealogical research? Visited a museum or historic site? If the answer to any of those questions is “yes,” I can pretty much guarantee that you’ve benefited from an NEH grant.
Contact your representative and tell them the humanities are worth 0.003%.