One of the things I really wanted to do while in the Historic Triangle was see the new museum exhibit at Jamestown Settlement. Technically, the exhibit isn’t that new; it opened in time for the 400th anniversary of Jamestown’s founding. But it was still under construction last time I was there, so I’m going by NBC’s logic. If I haven’t seen it, it’s new to me.
Just to make sure we’re all on the same page, Jamestown Settlement is distinct from “Historic Jamestowne,” the NPS-run site of the original colony that we visited in the last post. JS is a living history museum next door to the historic site, operated by the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation and the Commonwealth of Virginia along with Yorktown Victory Center. The old JS museum was extremely impressive, so I had really high hopes for the new exhibits. I wasn’t at all disappointed. They really knocked it out of the park. The new galleries merit a good half-day of touring on their own, besides the reconstructed Powhatan village, colonial fort, and ships that make up the rest of the site. I spent about four hours inside, and probably could’ve stayed longer. You can’t take pictures in the galleries, so I don’t have any pics, but you can see some of the artifacts by clicking here.
The tour starts with an introduction to the three cultures that collided in colonial Virginia: American Indian, English, and African. Museum figures, reconstructed dwellings, and artifacts offer a glimpse at the material cultures of these three groups, their religious beliefs, their forms of government, their languages, and the ways they earned a living. You then move on to early modern Europe’s maritime development and the motives for English colonization, including a look at the investors who made up the Virginia Company. You’ll meet some of the most important figures in Jamestown’s early history, check out the types of things the first colonists brought with them, and get a glimpse at a couple of items supposedly given to Pocahontas on her visit to England. Interactive maps demonstrate the spread of white settlement and the loss of Powhatan territory over the years.
The sections on Virginia’s development into a plantation society are particularly strong. The exhibit covers the emergence of the tobacco colony, the importance of Atlantic trade, the changes in Virginia’s government, and the impact of the shift toward slave labor on African material culture.
Whereas the exhibits at the NPS site focus on excavated objects, the JS galleries’ strength is seventeenth-century Anglo-American furniture, art, and personal belongings. I had no idea that the foundation’s artifact collections were so extensive, but there are hundreds of original items on display. The galleries feature audiovisual elements and immersive environments, too, but each gizmo and set piece serves a purpose. You don’t get the gratuitous overuse of technology and effects for their own sake that mar some big-budget exhibits. The museum strikes a good balance between original objects and interpretive artistry. You can walk along a ca. 1600 English city street, step inside a Powhatan home, and look around the bedroom of a wealthy planter, but there are plenty of exhibit cases full of original objects.
My favorite piece of audiovisual gimmickry is in the first gallery, where handsets allow you to hear spoken dialects similar to those of the Powhatans, Africans, and English who made up seventeenth-century Virginia’s population. (By the way, if you think Jamestown’s English settlers sounded like modern-day Shakespearean thespians, you’re in for a surprise.)
The exhibit is so comprehensive that any visitor who spends a few hours inside should get a pretty solid overview of Virginia’s seventeenth-century history and its larger Atlantic setting. Whether you want to see artifacts, experience some modern museum showmanship, or get a grounding in the subject matter before heading over to the NPS site, you’ll get your money’s worth.
Now I’m even more excited to see what’s in store when the foundation’s new museum opens at Yorktown next year.